Similarly, a previous study reported a decrease in smoking prevalence among Chinese women in recent birth cohorts. However, we found that, despite the favorable changes in smoking behaviors, the relative risk of overall mortality continued to rise in ffor birth cohorts. Although this study includes more than a half million Asian women, the number of female smokers is still too limited to reliably quantify the associations between smoking and mortality.
Continued follow up of the study participants should provide additional data for future analyses of these associations. Including smoking as a vital chritian in patients charts boo,s remind the physician to address tobacco use On the other hand, our modest risk estimates for lung cancer mortality may reflect the possibility that, in Asia, other background risk factors ie, outdoor and household air pollution and secondhand smoke are intimately involved in lung cancer mortality.
These background risk factors bezt increase the risk of lung cancer among never smokers. A previous study has reported that age standardized lung cancer mortality was much higher for lifelong never smokers living in Asia than in other racial ethnic groups.
Despite a notably low prevalence of smoking, Asian women especially Chinese women showed a higher rate of lung best christian books for dating than Western women, suggesting a high likelihood of death from lung cancer among never smokers. If the tobacco epidemic across Chriatian populations best christian books for dating or grows steadily, most Asian countries will face the double burden of lung cancer attributable to both tobacco best christian books for dating and other background risk factors.
It is also possible that the full effect of tobacco smoking may increase more dramatically than we have projected because of potential interaction between tobacco smoking and other lung cancer risk factors that are prevalent in Asia.
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